How is the state developing after the revolution?

It is already seven years ago, since the revolution took place in Tunisia. Since then, a lot has changed in the state, but not only to the positive side. Rigid structures, corrupt authorities and old politicians are provoking a standstill in the country. The young and educated generation, which mainly coordinated the uprising and revolution against the regime of President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali, is moving abroad. The young people, who originally wanted a turnaround in their home state, is disenchanted and disappointed. But why does Tunisia seem to be stuck in its own structures?

Seven years ago, there was a major euphoric mood in the state, but not much is left from this emotion. The stagnating and blocking political system in Tunisia leads to a direct emigration from mostly young people. The Italian authorities registered nearly 8000 Tunisian refugees in 2017. At the Tunisian coast, the border guard stopped more than 300 boats from going to Europe. The emigrants are by the majority male, two out from three are between 20 and 30 years old and thus in the best working age. These people don’t see any future in Tunisia and so, even if they know about the danger of the sea way to Europe, they try to reach a European country, in order to get a better life. In certain parts of Tunisia, up to 40 percent of the university graduates are unable to find a job. And at the same time, there are again protest movements in Tunisia. The protesters are demonstrating for more jobs, a better infrastructure and a functioning water supply. But the young people among the protesters do not want to interfere with politics any more. The politicians are too pessimistic and backward-looking to inspire young people. In addition, the Tunisian politicians would in average be much older than the fairly young population and they often do not understand the troubles of the young generation.

How would it be possible to give the young people in Tunisia a new perspective? The economic situation is everything else but positive. The Tunisian currency Dinar lost 25 percent of its value towards the Euro in the last year. The state needs subsidies and loans from the World Bank and the International Monetary Funds, in order to keep its budget in balance. Half of the state budget is used to finance the authorities and civil servants. It would thus be essential to modernise and streamline the ancient bureaucratic structures and to fight corruption. As a next step, new jobs have to be created in order to give young people self-confidence. If they have a job, they think about their future in a more positive way and are ready to build up their future in Tunisia. However, it is not only the creation of jobs that is essential in order to keep young and educated Tunisians in their home state. Many doctors, especially cardiologists, would legally move to Europe to work there, as well as IT-specialists, which are as a consequence hard to find in Tunisia. The future of the Northern African state seems to be difficult and troublesome and the successes of the revolution seem to have disappeared.